Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/39929
Authors: 
Moullan, Yasser
Year of Publication: 
2009
Series/Report no.: 
Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Frankfurt a.M. 2009 22
Abstract: 
This paper analyses the impact of health foreign assistance on physicians' brain drain. We use the database from Bhargava and Docquier (2008) to explain physicians' brain drain and health foreign assistance from 1995 to 2003 using a bilateral gravity equation model. In the first time, we propose to investigate the direct and reverse impact of health assistance through Simultaneous Equation Model with Three-Stage Least Squares (3SLS) methodology and highlight a significant negative effect of health foreign assistance on the medical brain drain whereas emigration rate of doctor increases the amount of health aid received by recipient countries. In a second time, we analyzed the indirect effect of health aid via epidemics prevalence through the death rate per 1000 people. We find that health aid plays a key role in the improvement of vaccination, treatment and prevention which may reduce death rate and, finally, decreases the physicians emigration rates. These findings confirm the efficiency of health foreign aid to weaken the vicious circle of physicians drain.
Subjects: 
International Migration
Physicians Emigration Rates
Foreign Aid
Health foreign assistance
Simultaneous Equation Model
Three Stage Least Squares
Gravity Equation model
JEL: 
F22
F35
O15
C23
I1
O11
Document Type: 
Conference Paper

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