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Title:The Role of Poverty and Community Norms in Child Labor and Schooling Decisions PDF Logo
Authors:Strulik, Holger
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Zürich 2008 42
Abstract:Household poverty is a powerful motive for child labor and working frequently comes at the expense of schooling for children. Accounting for these natural links we investigate whether and when there is an additional role for community norms and how the social evaluation of schooling evolves over time. The proposed model provides an explanation for why equally poor villages or regions display different attitudes towards schooling and why children who are not working are not sent to school either but remain idle instead. The conditions for a successful implementation of a half-day school vs. a full-day school are investigated. An extension of the model explores how an education contingent subsidy paid to the poorest families of a community manages to initiate a bandwagon effect towards an equilibrium where all children are sent to school.
Subjects:School Attendance
Child Labor
Social Norms
Targeted Transfers
JEL:I20
I29
J13
O12
Document Type:Conference Paper
Appears in Collections:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, 2008 (Zürich)

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