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dc.contributor.authorPalmer, Charlesen_US
dc.contributor.authorMacGregor, Jamesen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-13T14:37:08Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-13T14:37:08Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/39884-
dc.description.abstractIn Namibia, as in many parts of Africa, households are highly dependent on fastdegrading forest resources for their livelihoods, including energy needs. Using data originally collected for Namibia's forest resource accounts and insights from a nonseparable household model, this paper empirically estimates household fuelwood demand. In particular, the factors underlying the substitution between fuelwood collected from open access forest resources, cow dung and fuelwood purchased from the market are analysed. Heckman two-step estimates show that households respond to forest scarcity, as measured by the opportunity costs of collecting fuelwood, by increasing labour input to collection more than by reducing energy consumption. There is limited evidence for substitution from fuelwood to other energy sources, particularly with the declining availability of forest stocks. All of the estimated elasticities are low confirming observations made elsewhere, particularly in South Asia. Policy interventions including energy efficiency measures and tree planting schemes are considered in the Namibian context.en_US
dc.language.isoeng-
dc.publisherVerein für Socialpolitik, Ausschuss für Entwicklungsländer Göttingenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesProceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Zürich 2008 32en_US
dc.subject.jelQ23en_US
dc.subject.jelQ41en_US
dc.subject.jelQ42en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordAfricaen_US
dc.subject.keywordforestsen_US
dc.subject.keywordfuelwooden_US
dc.subject.keywordscarcityen_US
dc.subject.keywordenergyen_US
dc.subject.keywordsubstitutionen_US
dc.subject.keywordlivelihoodsen_US
dc.titleFuelwood Scarcity, Energy Substitution and Rural Livelihoods in Namibiaen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn654089418-
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
dc.identifier.repecRePEc:zbw:gdec08:32-
Appears in Collections:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, 2008 (Zürich)

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