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dc.contributor.authorDeuchert, Evaen_US
dc.contributor.authorWunsch, Connyen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-27en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-08-18T11:21:55Z-
dc.date.available2010-08-18T11:21:55Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/39027-
dc.description.abstractNationwide health interventions are difficult to evaluate as contemporaneous control groups do not exist and before-after approaches are usually infeasible. We propose an alternative semi-parametric estimator that is based on the assumption that the intervention has no direct effect on the health outcome but influences the outcome only through its effect on individual behavior. We show that in this case the evaluation problem can be divided into two parts: (i) the effect of the intervention on behavior, for which a conditional before-after assumption is more plausible; and (ii) the effect of the behaviour on the health outcome, where we exploit that a contemporaneous control groups exists for behavior. The proposed estimator is used to evaluate one of Malawi's main malaria prevention campaigns, a nationwide insecticide-treated-net (ITN) distribution scheme, in terms of its effect on infant mortality. We exploit that the program affects child mortality only via bed net usage. We find that Malawi's ITN distribution campaign reduced child mortality by 1 percentage point, which corresponds to about 30% of the total reduction in infant mortality over the study period.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherCESifo Münchenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCESifo working paper Empirical and Theoretical Methods 3036en_US
dc.subject.jelC14en_US
dc.subject.jelC21en_US
dc.subject.jelI18en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordtreatment effecten_US
dc.subject.keywordsemi-parametric estimationen_US
dc.subject.keywordhealth interventionen_US
dc.subject.stwTropenkrankheiten_US
dc.subject.stwGesundheitsvorsorgeen_US
dc.subject.stwWirkungsanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwKindersterblichkeiten_US
dc.subject.stwNichtparametrisches Verfahrenen_US
dc.subject.stwSchätzungen_US
dc.subject.stwMalawien_US
dc.titleEvaluating nationwide health interventions when standard before-after doesn't work: Malawi's ITN distribution programen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn626792819en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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