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http://hdl.handle.net/10419/38647
  

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dc.contributor.authorDownes, Tomen_US
dc.contributor.authorGreenstein, Shane Men_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-08-13T08:26:10Z-
dc.date.available2010-08-13T08:26:10Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/38647-
dc.description.abstractThis study analyzes the geographic spread of commercial Internet Service Providers (ISPs), the leading suppliers of Internet access. The geographic spread of ISPs is a key consideration in U.S. policy for universal access. We examine the Fall of 1998, a time of minimal government subsidy, when inexpensive access was synonymous with a local telephone call to an ISP. Population size and location in a metropolitan statistical area were the single most important determinants of entry, but their effects on national, regional and local firms differed, especially on the margin. The thresholds for entry were remarkably low for local firms. Universal service in less densely-populated areas was largely a function of investment decisions by ISPs with local focus. There was little trace of the early imprint of government subsidies for Internet access at major U.S. universities.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherCenter for the Study of Industrial Organization at Northwestern Univ. Evanston, Ill.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCSIO working paper 0082en_US
dc.subject.jelI10en_US
dc.subject.jelL86en_US
dc.subject.jelL96en_US
dc.subject.jelR11en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordInterneten_US
dc.subject.keyworduniversal serviceen_US
dc.subject.keywordgeographic diffusionen_US
dc.subject.keywordtelecommunicationsen_US
dc.titleUnderstanding why universal service obligations may be unnecessary: The private development of local internet access marketsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn574936688en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:CSIO Electronic Working Papers, Northwestern University

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