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Title:Fiscal Multipliers and the Labour Market in the Open Economy PDF Logo
Authors:Merkl, Christian
Faia, Ester
Lechthaler, Wolfgang
Issue Date:2010
Series/Report no.:Beiträge zur Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik 2010: Ökonomie der Familie - Session: Fiscal Policy in the Great Recession C3-V3
Abstract:Several contributions have recently assessed the size of fiscal multipliers both in RBC models and New Keynesian models. None of the studies considers a model with frictional labour markets which is a crucial element, particularly at times in which much of the fiscal stimulus has been directed toward labour market measures. We use an open economy model (more specifically a currency area calibrated on the EMU) with labour market frictions in the form of labour turnover costs and workers' heterogeneity to measure fiscal multipliers. We compute short and long run multipliers and open economy spillovers for five types of fiscal packages: pure demand stimuli and consumption tax cuts return very small multipliers; income tax cut and hiring subsidies deliver larger multipliers as they reduce distortions in sclerotic labour markets; short-time work (German Kurzarbeit) returns negative short-run multipliers, but stabilises employment. Our model highlights a novel dimension through which multipliers operate, namely the labour demand stimulus which occurs in a model with non-walrasian labour markets.
Subjects:fiscal multipliers
fiscal packages
labour market frictions
JEL:E62
H30
J20
Document Type:Conference Paper
Appears in Collections:Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des IfW
Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik 2010: Ökonomie der Familie

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