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dc.contributor.authorGill, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorProwse, Victoriaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-14en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-27T10:56:47Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-27T10:56:47Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/36964-
dc.description.abstractWe present experimental evidence which sheds new light on why women may be less competitive than men. Specifically, we observe striking differences in how men and women respond to good and bad luck in a competitive environment. Following a loss, women tend to reduce effort, and the effect is independent of the monetary value of the prize that the women failed to win. Men, on the other hand, reduce effort only after failing to win large prizes. Responses to previous competitive outcomes explain about 11% of the variation that we observe in women's efforts, but only about 4% of the variation in the effort of men, and differential responses to luck account for about half of the gender performance gap in our experiment. These findings help to explain both female underperformance in environments with repeated competition and the tendency for women to select into tournaments at a lower rate than men.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiscussion paper series // Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 5022en_US
dc.subject.jelC91en_US
dc.subject.jelD03en_US
dc.subject.jelJ16en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordBehavioral preferencesen_US
dc.subject.keywordreal effort experimenten_US
dc.subject.keywordgender differencesen_US
dc.subject.keywordgender gapen_US
dc.subject.keywordcompetitionen_US
dc.subject.keywordcompetition aversionen_US
dc.subject.keywordtournamenten_US
dc.subject.keywordlucken_US
dc.subject.keywordwinen_US
dc.subject.keywordlossen_US
dc.subject.keywordnarrow framingen_US
dc.subject.stwGeschlechten_US
dc.subject.stwVerhaltensökonomiken_US
dc.subject.stwWettbewerben_US
dc.subject.stwExtensives Spielen_US
dc.subject.stwFramingen_US
dc.subject.stwTesten_US
dc.titleGender differences and dynamics in competition: The role of lucken_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn631114785en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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