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Violette Reihe - Schriftenreihe des Promotionsschwerpunkts "Globalisierung und Beschäftigung", Universität Hohenheim >

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dc.contributor.authorChrist, Julian P.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-13en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-21T15:14:19Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-21T15:14:19Z-
dc.date.issued2010-04en_US
dc.identifier.piurn:nbn:de:bsz:100-opus-4831en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/36703-
dc.description.abstractThis paper contributes with empirical findings to the research on structural inequality and geographic concentration of European inventorship activity at the level of European micro regions. We analyze the spatial structure and dynamics of 43 technology fields (ISI-SPRU-OST concordance) and 6 high-technology fields based on data on EPO patent applications and EPO inventors for the reference period 1977-2004. Based upon OECD RegPAT database (January 2009), we extract EPO patent applications (fractional counting) and inventor IDs (full counting), which are spatially linked to 819 European micro regions (OECD TL3), covering the EU-25, Switzerland and Norway. Besides standard descriptives, we compute Herfindahl-Hirschman indices, location quotients and weighted locational and spatial GINI coefficients. We confirm the hypotheses that (i) the technology fields under analysis differ in their overall size with respect to the stock of EPO patent applications and inventors; (ii) the share of regions with LQ > 1 has decreased compared to the share of regions with at least a single patent application; (iii) the sample of European regions is characterized by highly concentrated and unequally distributed technology fields; (iv) spatial inequality of EPO patenting and inventor location has decreased significantly within the last two decades for most technology fields. In this respect, our quantitative approach clearly depicts dispersion tendencies and decreasing inequality, although structural dynamics differ between technology fields.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherUniv. Stuttgart-Hohenheimen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSchriftenreihe des Promotionsschwerpunkts Globalisierung und Beschäftigung // Evangelisches Studienwerk e.V. 32/2010en_US
dc.subject.jelC8en_US
dc.subject.jelO31en_US
dc.subject.jelO33en_US
dc.subject.jelR12en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordgeographic concentrationen_US
dc.subject.keywordRegPATen_US
dc.subject.keywordEPO patentingen_US
dc.subject.keywordGINI coefficienten_US
dc.subject.keywordlocation quotienten_US
dc.subject.keywordinventorshipen_US
dc.subject.keywordinequalityen_US
dc.subject.stwErfindungen_US
dc.subject.stwHochtechnologiesektoren_US
dc.subject.stwPatenten_US
dc.subject.stwRegionale Konzentrationen_US
dc.subject.stwRegionale Disparitäten_US
dc.subject.stwSchätzungen_US
dc.subject.stwEU-Staatenen_US
dc.subject.stwSchweizen_US
dc.subject.stwNorwegenen_US
dc.titleGeographic concentration and spatial inequality: Two decades of EPO patenting at the level of European micro regionsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn631009469en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
dc.identifier.repecRePEc:zbw:hohpro:322010-
Appears in Collections:Violette Reihe - Schriftenreihe des Promotionsschwerpunkts "Globalisierung und Beschäftigung", Universität Hohenheim

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