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dc.contributor.authorSchultz, T. Paulen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-03en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T12:08:10Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T12:08:10Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.piurn:nbn:de:101:1-20090909403en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/36348-
dc.description.abstractThe program evaluation literature for population and health policies is in flux, with many disciplines documenting biological and behavioral linkages from fetal development to late life mortality, chronic disease, and disability, though their implications for policy remain uncertain. Both macro- and microeconomics seek to understand and incorporate connections between economic development and the demographic transition. The focus here is on research methods, findings, and questions that economists can clarify regarding the causal relationships between economic development, health outcomes, and reproductive behavior, which operate in many directions, posing problems for identifying causal pathways. The connection between conditions under which people live and their expected life span and health status refers to health production functions. The relationships between an individual's stock of health and productivity, well-being, and duration of life encompasses the returns to health human capital. The control of reproduction improves directly the well-being of women, and the economic opportunities of her offspring. The choice of population policies may be country specific and conditional on institutional setting, even though many advances in biomedical and public health knowledge, including modern methods of birth control, are now widely available. Evaluation of a policy intervention in terms of cost effectiveness is typically more than a question of technological efficiency, but also the motivation for adoption, and the behavioral responsiveness to the intervention of individuals, families, networks, and communities. Well-specified research strategies are required to address (1) the economic production of health capacities from conception to old age; (2) the wage returns to increasing health status attributable to policy interventions; (3) the conditions affecting fertility, family time allocation, and human capital investments; and (4) the consequences for women and their families of policies which change the timing as well as number of births.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherForschungsinst. zur Zukunft der Arbeit Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 4340en_US
dc.subject.jelD13en_US
dc.subject.jelI18en_US
dc.subject.jelJ13en_US
dc.subject.jelO12en_US
dc.subject.ddc360en_US
dc.subject.keywordHealthen_US
dc.subject.keywordfertility and family planningen_US
dc.subject.keywordbiology of health human capitalen_US
dc.subject.keywordeconomic developmenten_US
dc.subject.stwBevölkerungspolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwGesundheitspolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwDemographischer Übergangen_US
dc.titlePopulation and health policiesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn609426168en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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