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Title:Do peers affect student achievement? Evidence from Canada using group size variation PDF Logo
Authors:Boucher, Vincent
Bramoullé, Yann
Djebbari, Habiba
Fortin, Bernard
Issue Date:2010
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 4723
Abstract:We provide the first empirical application of a new approach proposed by Lee (2007) to estimate peer effects in a linear-in-means model. This approach allows to control for group-level unobservables and to solve the reflection problem. We investigate peer effects in student achievement in Mathematics, Science, French and History in Quebec secondary schools. We estimate the model using maximum likelihood and instrumental variables methods. We find evidence of peer effects. The endogenous peer effect is positive, when significant, and some contextual peer effects matter. Using calibrated Monte Carlo simulations, we find that high dispersion in group sizes helps with potential issues of weak identification.
Subjects:Peer effects
student achievement
reflection problem
JEL:C31
I20
Z13
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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