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Title:Econometric methods for causal evaluation of education policies and practices: a non-technical guide PDF Logo
Authors:Schlotter, Martin
Schwerdt, Guido
Woessmann, Ludger
Issue Date:2010
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 4725
Abstract:Education policy-makers and practitioners want to know which policies and practices can best achieve their goals. But research that can inform evidence-based policy often requires complex methods to distinguish causation from accidental association. Avoiding econometric jargon and technical detail, this paper explains the main idea and intuition of leading empirical strategies devised to identify causal impacts and illustrates their use with real-world examples. It covers six evaluation methods: controlled experiments, lotteries of oversubscribed programs, instrumental variables, regression discontinuities, differences-in-differences, and panel-data techniques. Illustrating applications include evaluations of early-childhood interventions, voucher lotteries, funding programs for disadvantaged, and compulsory-school and tracking reforms.
Subjects:Causal effects
education
policy evaluation
non-technical guide
JEL:I20
C01
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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