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dc.contributor.authorBorghans, Lexen_US
dc.contributor.authorCörvers, Franken_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-25en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T12:06:46Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T12:06:46Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/36200-
dc.description.abstractOver the past two decades there has been a substantial increase in the mobility of students in Europe, while also research has become much more internationally oriented. In this paper we document changes in the structure of research and higher education in Europe and investigate potential explanations for the strong increase in its international orientation. While higher education started to grow substantially around 1960, only a few decades later, research and higher education transformed gradually to the American standard. Decreased communication costs are likely causes for this trend. This transformation is most clearly revealed in the change of language used in research from the national language, Latin, German and French to English. Smaller language areas made this transformation earlier while there are also clear timing differences between research fields. Sciences and medicine tend to switch to English first, followed by economics and social sciences, while for law and arts only the first signs of such a transformation are currently observed. This suggests that returns to scale and the transferability of research results are important influences in the decision to adopt the international standard.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherForschungsinst. zur Zukunft der Arbeit Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 4445en_US
dc.subject.jelO31en_US
dc.subject.jelI23en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordHigher educationen_US
dc.subject.keywordresearchen_US
dc.subject.keywordAmericanizationen_US
dc.subject.stwHochschuleen_US
dc.subject.stwHochschulforschungen_US
dc.subject.stwAuslandsaufenthalten_US
dc.subject.stwBildungschancenen_US
dc.subject.stwWissenstransferen_US
dc.subject.stwEnglisch (Sprache)en_US
dc.subject.stwEuropaen_US
dc.titleThe Americanization of European higher education and researchen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn613570650en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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