Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/36033
Authors: 
Brunello, Giorgio
Year of Publication: 
2009
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 4326
Abstract: 
The existing empirical evidence on the relationship between apprenticeships, initial workplace training and economic downturns, is relatively scarce. The bottom line of this literature is that ratio of apprentices to employees tends to be (mildly) pro-cyclical and to decline during a recession, with the notable exception of the Great Depression, when it rose (at least in England). When broader measures of training are considered, which exclude apprentices, the weight of the evidence is in favour of counter-cyclical training incidence. This paper suggests that a possible reconciliation of these findings is based on recognizing that firms may have incentives to train incumbents during a downturn and at the same time to reduce the recruitment and training of young employees, who are engaged in the transition from school to work.
Subjects: 
Apprenticeship training
economic downturns
JEL: 
J24
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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