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dc.contributor.authorCaliendo, Marcoen_US
dc.contributor.authorKritikos, Alexander S.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-17en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T12:03:46Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T12:03:46Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/35884-
dc.description.abstractWhen unemployed persons go into business, they often are characterized as necessity entrepreneurs, because push factors, namely their unemployment, likely prompted their decision. In contrast to this, business founders who have been previously employed represent opportunity entrepreneurs because pull factors provide the rationale for their decision. However, a data set of nearly 1,900 business start-ups by unemployed persons reveals that both kind of motivation can be observed among these start-ups. Moreover, a new type of entrepreneur emerges, motivated by both push and pull variables simultaneously. An analysis of the development of the businesses reflecting three different motivational types indicates a strong relationship between motives, survival rates and entrepreneurial development. We find in particular that start-ups out of opportunity and necessity have higher survival rates than do start-ups out of necessity, even if both types face the same duration of previous unemployment.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 4661en_US
dc.subject.jelD81en_US
dc.subject.jelJ23en_US
dc.subject.jelM13en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordEntrepreneurshipen_US
dc.subject.keywordpush and pull motivesen_US
dc.subject.keywordsurvival and failureen_US
dc.subject.keywordjob creationen_US
dc.subject.stwUnternehmeren_US
dc.subject.stwUnternehmensgründungen_US
dc.subject.stwSelbstständigeen_US
dc.subject.stwArbeitslosigkeiten_US
dc.subject.stwUnternehmensentwicklungen_US
dc.subject.stwBeschäftigungseffekten_US
dc.subject.stwDeutschlanden_US
dc.title'I want to, but I also need to': start-ups resulting from opportunity and necessityen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn618732640en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)
Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des DIW

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