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Title:Immigration and housing booms: evidence from Spain PDF Logo
Authors:González Luna, Libertad
Ortega, Francesc
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 4333
Abstract:We estimate empirically the effect of immigration on house prices and residential construction activity in Spain over the period 1998-2008. This decade is characterized by both a spectacular housing market boom and a stunning immigration wave. We exploit the variation in immigration across Spanish provinces and construct an instrument based on the historical location patterns of immigrants by country of origin. The evidence points to a sizeable causal effect of immigration on both prices and quantities in the housing market. Between 1998 and 2008, the average Spanish province received an immigrant inflow equal to 17% of the initial working-age population. We estimate that this inflow increased house prices by about 52% and is responsible for 37% of the total construction of new housing units during the period. These figures imply that immigration can account for roughly one third of the housing boom, both in terms of prices and new construction.
Subjects:Housing market
immigration
house prices
construction
Spain
JEL:F22
J61
R21
R23
R31
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20090909301
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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