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Title:The impact of child labor and school quality on academic achievement in Brazil PDF Logo
Authors:Bezerra, Márcio Eduardo G.
Kassouf, Ana Lúcia
Arends-Kuenning, Mary
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:IZA discussion papers 4062
Abstract:We analyze the impact of child labor on school achievement using Brazilian school achievement test data from the 2003 Sistema Nacional de Avaliação da Educação Básica (SAEB). We control for the endogeneity of child labor using instrumental variable techniques, where the instrumental variable is the average wage for unskilled male labor in the state. Using our preferred OLS estimates, we find that child labor causes a loss in students' school achievement. Children and adolescents who do not work have better school performance than students who work. Up to two hours of work per day do not have a statistically significant effect on school performance, but additional hours decrease student's achievement. Differences in work conditions affect school performance. For high school students in Portuguese, compared to students who have schooling as their only activity, students who work only at home score 4 percent lower on the tests. Those students who only work outside the house are worse off than those who only work within the house, with test scores decreasing by 5 percent. Students who work both inside and outside the house have the lowest test scores of all the working conditions, decreasing by up to 7 percent.
Subjects:Child labor
school achievement
Brazil
JEL:I21
J13
J22
O15
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20090327294
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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