EconStor >
Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA), Bonn >
IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/35515
  

Full metadata record

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHart, Robert A.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-03-05en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T11:52:47Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T11:52:47Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.piurn:nbn:de:101:1-20090304361en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/35515-
dc.description.abstractBetween mid-1939 and mid-1943 almost 2.2 million additional women were recruited into Britain's essential war industries. These consisted, predominantly, of young women recruited into metal and chemical industries. Much of the increased labour supply was achieved through government directed labour initiatives. This culminated, in January 1942, with the Control of Engagement Order whereby women between the ages of 18 and 40 who either entered the labour market or who changed employment were compulsorily directed into jobs and industries that were vital to the war effort. There were also many woman volunteers for such work, partly due to the fact that extreme labour scarcity drove up relative female wage rates. At least 42% of the 18-20 age cohorts and 32% of the 21-25 age cohorts in 1943 worked in the essential industries. Two-thirds of those involved owed their jobs to wartime industrial expansion. The majority of such women entered a world of work that had been previously dominated by men. They obtained considerable training, job experience and pay advantages compared to subsequent age cohorts who were not eligible for war work. This bestowed on them subsequent labour market advantages that would otherwise not have occurred. Using a regression discontinuity design the empirical work shows that the long term earnings benefits of those age cohorts eligible for conscription, measured 30 years after the war, were in the order of between 2% and 9% higher than the age cohorts that followed them.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA discussion papers 4006en_US
dc.subject.jelJ16en_US
dc.subject.jelJ24en_US
dc.subject.jelJ31en_US
dc.subject.jelN44en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordWWII female employmenten_US
dc.subject.keywordessential war industriesen_US
dc.subject.keywordlong-term real wagesen_US
dc.subject.keywordregression discontinuity designen_US
dc.subject.stwFrauenerwerbstätigkeiten_US
dc.subject.stwKriegswirtschaften_US
dc.subject.stwRüstungsindustrieen_US
dc.subject.stwEinkommenen_US
dc.subject.stwReallohnen_US
dc.subject.stwKohortenanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwGroßbritannienen_US
dc.titleDid British women achieve long-term economic benefits from working in essential WWII industries?en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn593052293en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
593052293.pdf158.48 kBAdobe PDF
No. of Downloads: Counter Stats
Show simple item record
Download bibliographical data as: BibTeX

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.