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Title:Every catholic child in a catholic school: historical resistance to state schooling, contemporary private competition, and student achievement across countries PDF Logo
Authors:West, Martin R.
Wößmann, Ludger
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA discussion papers 3818
Abstract:Nineteenth-Century Catholic doctrine strongly opposed state schooling. We show that countries with larger shares of Catholics in 1900 (but without a Catholic state religion) tend to have larger shares of privately operated schools even today. We use this historical pattern as a natural experiment to estimate the causal effect of contemporary private competition on student achievement in cross-country student-level analyses. Our results show that larger shares of privately operated schools lead to better student achievement in mathematics, science, and reading and to lower total education spending, even after controlling for current Catholic shares.
Subjects:Private school competition
student achievement
Catholic schools
JEL:I20
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20081127450
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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