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Title:A comparison and decomposition of reform-era labor force participation rates of China's ethnic minorities and Han majority PDF Logo
Authors:Maurer-Fazio, Margaret
Hughes, James W.
Zhang, Dandan
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:IZA discussion papers 4148
Abstract:This paper examines differences in China's ethnic majority and minority patterns of labor force participation and decomposes these differences into treatment and endowment effects using the technique developed by Borooah and Iyer (2005). Population census data are used to estimate gender-separated urban labor force participation rates (lfpr) using logit regressions which control for educational attainment, marital status, pre-school and school-age children, household size, age, and measures of local economic conditions. We focus on six minority groups (Hui, Koreans, Manchu, Mongolians, Uygurs, and Zhuang) and the majority Han. We find sizable differences between the lfpr of urban women of particular ethnic groups and the majority Han. Men's lfpr are very high and exhibit little difference between Han and ethnic minorities. For almost all pair-wise comparisons between Han and minority women, we find that differences in coefficients account for more than 100% of the Han-ethnic difference in labor force participation. Differences in endowments often have substantial effects in reducing this positive Han margin in labor force participation. Roughly speaking, treatment of women's characteristics, whether in the market or socially, tend to increase the Han advantage in labor force participation. The levels of these characteristics on average tend to reduce this Han advantage.
Subjects:China
ethnic minorities
labor force participation
economic reform
population censuses
JEL:J1
J2
J7
O1
O5
P2
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20090513467
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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