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Title:Optimal redistributive taxation and provision of public input goods in an economy with outsourcing and unemployment PDF Logo
Authors:Aronsson, Thomas
Koskela, Erkki
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:IZA discussion papers 4196
Abstract:This paper concerns optimal redistributive income taxation and provision of a public input good in a two-type model with a minimum wage policy implemented for the low-ability type, where firms may outsource part of the production process abroad, and where outsourcing is substitutable for domestic low-ability labor. Our results show that the incentives for the government to relax the self-selection constraint and to increase the employment among the low-skilled reinforce each other in terms of marginal income taxation; both of them contribute to increase the marginal income tax rate implemented for the low-ability type and decrease the marginal income tax rate implemented for the high-ability type. The appearance of equilibrium unemployment also constitutes an incentive to implement a tax on outsourcing. Without a direct instrument for taxing outsourcing, the government may reduce the amount of resources spent on outsourcing by increased provision of the public input good, which leads to less wage inequality and increased employment.
Subjects:Outsourcing
optimal nonlinear taxation
public goods
unemployment
JEL:H21
H25
J31
J62
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20090615112
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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