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Title:No room to live: urban overcrowding in Edwardian Britain PDF Logo
Authors:Gazeley, Ian
Newell, Andrew
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:IZA discussion papers 4209
Abstract:We study the extent of overcrowding amongst British urban working families in the early 1900s and find major regional differences. In particular, a much greater proportion of households in urban Scotland were overcrowded than in the rest of Britain and Ireland. We investigate the causes of this spatial distribution of overcrowding and find that prices, especially rents and wages are the proximate causes of the phenomenon. In large cities, ports and cities specialising in old heavy industries high rent and overcrowding are more prevalent. Within cities, but not between cities, variations in infant mortality are clearly correlated with measures of overcrowding. All the findings are consistent with a core-periphery view of urban households choosing the location and size of housing to balance the health risks of overcrowding against the risks associated with lower and less regular incomes in places where rents are lower.
Subjects:Poverty
rent
overcrowding
Scotland
1904
infant mortality
Bowley
JEL:I10
N33
R12
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-2009061940
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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