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Title:Armed conflict and schooling: evidence from the 1994 Rwandan genocide PDF Logo
Authors:Akresh, Richard
de Walque, Damien
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 3516
Abstract:To examine the impact of Rwanda´s 1994 genocide on children´s schooling, the authors combine two cross-sectional household surveys collected before and after the genocide. The identification strategy uses pre-war data to control for an age group´s baseline schooling and exploits variation across provinces in the intensity of killings and which children´s cohorts were school-aged when exposed to the war. The findings show a strong negative impact of the genocide on schooling, with exposed children completing one-half year less education representing an 18.3 percent decline. The effect is robust to including control variables, alternative sources for genocide intensity, and an instrumental variables strategy.
Subjects:Civil war
human capital investment
education
genocide
Africa
JEL:I20
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20080605111
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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