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Title:Growing out of poverty: trends and patterns of urban poverty in China 1988 - 2002 PDF Logo
Authors:Appleton, Simon
Song, Lina
Xia, Qingjie
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 3459
Abstract:This paper estimates trends in absolute poverty in urban China from 1988 to 2002 using the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) surveys. Poverty incidence curves are plotted, showing that poverty has fallen markedly during the period regardless of the exact location of the poverty line. Income inequality rose from 1988 to 1995 but has been fairly constant thereafter. Models of the determination of income and poverty reveal widening differentials by education, sex and party membership. Income from government anti-poverty programs has little impact on poverty, which has fallen almost entirely due to overall economic growth rather than redistribution.
Subjects:Poverty
inequality
economic growth
welfare
public policy
China
JEL:O15
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20080421166
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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