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Title:The motherhood wage penalty in a Mediterranean country: the case of Spain PDF Logo
Authors:Molina, José Alberto
Montuenga, Víctor M.
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 3574
Abstract:We present evidence for the motherhood wage penalty in Spain as a representative Southern European Mediterranean country. We use the European Community Household Panel (ECHP, 1994-2001) to estimate, from both pool and fixed-effects methods, a wage equation in terms of observed variables and other non-observed individual characteristics. The empirical results confirm that there is clear evidence of a wage penalty for Spanish working women with children. Specifically, the fact that there is a birth in the family during the current year means that the woman loses 9% of her wage. We also find that having one child living in the household means a significant loss in wages of 6%, having two children, almost 14%, and having three or more, more than 15%.
Subjects:Fixed-effects estimation
motherhood wage penalty
Spain
JEL:J30
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20080702166
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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