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dc.contributor.authorTauchmann, Haralden_US
dc.contributor.authorGöhlmann, Siljaen_US
dc.contributor.authorRequate, Tillen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Christoph M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2008-09-09en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T11:33:49Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T11:33:49Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.piurn:nbn:de:101:1-2008032613en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/35119-
dc.description.abstractThe question of whether two drugs - namely alcohol and tobacco - are used as complements or substitutes is of crucial interest if side-effects of anti-smoking policies are considered. Numerous papers have empirically addressed this issue by estimating demand systems for alcohol and tobacco and subsequently calculating cross-price effects. However, this traditional approach often is seriously hampered by insufficient price-variation observed in survey data. We therefore suggest an alternative instrumental variables approach that statistically mimics an experimental study and does not rely on prices as explanatory variables. This approach is applied to German survey data. Our estimation results suggest that a reduction in tobacco consumption results in a moderate reduction in alcohol consumption. It is shown theoretically that this implies that alcohol and tobacco are complements. Hence, we conclude that successful anti-smoking policies will not result in the unintended side-effect of an increased (ab)use of alcohol.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA discussion papers 3412en_US
dc.subject.jelC31en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordComplements or substitutesen_US
dc.subject.keywordinterdependence in consumptionen_US
dc.subject.keywordtobacco and alcoholen_US
dc.subject.keywordinsufficient price-variationen_US
dc.subject.keywordinstrumental variables approachen_US
dc.subject.stwDrogenkonsumen_US
dc.subject.stwRauchenen_US
dc.subject.stwAlkoholkonsumen_US
dc.subject.stwKonsuminterdependenzen_US
dc.subject.stwSchätzungen_US
dc.subject.stwDeutschlanden_US
dc.titleTobacco and alcohol: complements or substitutes? ; a structural model approachen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn577259660en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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