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Title:Can policy interact with culture? Minimum wage and the quality of labor relations PDF Logo
Authors:Aghion, Philippe
Algan, Yann
Cahuc, Pierre
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 3680
Abstract:Can public policy interfere with culture, such as beliefs and norms of cooperation? We investigate his question by evaluating the interactions between the State and the Civil Society, focusing on the labor market. International data shows a negative correlation between union density and the quality of labor relations on one hand, and state regulation of the minimum wage on the other hand. To explain this relation, we develop a model of learning of the quality of labor relations. State regulation crowds out the possibility for workers to experiment negotiation and learn about the true cooperative nature of participants in the labor market. This crowding out effect can give rise to multiple equilibria: a good equilibrium characterized by strong beliefs in cooperation, leading to high union density and low state regulation; and a bad equilibrium, characterized by distrustful labor relations, low union density and strong state regulation of the minimum wage. We then use surveys on social attitudes and unionization behavior to document the relation between minimum wage legislation and the beliefs about the scope of cooperation in the labor market.
Subjects:Social capital
quality of labor relations
trade unions
minimum wage
JEL:J30
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-2008092948
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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