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dc.contributor.authorCalero, Carlaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBedi, Arjun S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSparrow, Roberten_US
dc.date.accessioned2008-08-28en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T11:30:59Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T11:30:59Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/34947-
dc.description.abstractOver the last decade Ecuador has experienced a strong increase in financial transfers from migrated workers, amounting to 6.4 percent of GDP and 31.5 percent of total exports of goods and services in 2005. This paper investigates how remittances via trans-national networks affect human capital investments through relaxing resource constraints and facilitate households in consumption smoothing by reducing vulnerability to economic shocks. In particular, we explore the effects of remittances on school enrolment and child work in Ecuador. Identification relies on instrumental variables, exploiting information on source countries of remittances and regional variation in the availability of bank offices that function as formal channels for sending remittances. Our results show that remittances increase school enrolment and decrease incidence of child work, especially for girls and in rural areas. Furthermore, we find that aggregate shocks are associated with increased work activities, while remittances are used to finance education when households are faced with these shocks. This suggests that liquidity constraints and vulnerability to covariate risk are especially relevant in rural areas, as it affects household's investments in human capital of school age children. In this context both child labour supply and transnational remittances serve as coping mechanisms.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 3358en_US
dc.subject.jelI20en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordMigrationen_US
dc.subject.keywordremittancesen_US
dc.subject.keywordtrans-national networksen_US
dc.subject.keywordeducationen_US
dc.subject.keywordchild labouren_US
dc.subject.keywordEcuadoren_US
dc.subject.stwRücküberweisung (Migranten)en_US
dc.subject.stwBildungsinvestitionen_US
dc.subject.stwBildungsfinanzierungen_US
dc.subject.stwVerschuldungsrestriktionen_US
dc.subject.stwSchüleren_US
dc.subject.stwKinderarbeiten_US
dc.subject.stwEcuadoren_US
dc.titleRemittances, liquidity constraints and human capital investments in Ecuadoren_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn560201419en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
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