Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/34913
Authors: 
Draca, Mirko
Machin, Stephen
Witt, Robert
Year of Publication: 
2008
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 3410
Abstract: 
In this paper we study the causal impact of police on crime by looking at what happened to crime before and after the terror attacks that hit central London in July 2005. The attacks resulted in a large redeployment of police officers to central London boroughs as compared to outer London - in fact, police deployment in central London increased by over 30 percent in the six weeks following the July 7 bombings. During this time crime fell significantly in central relative to outer London. Study of the timing of the crime reductions and their magnitude, the types of crime which were more likely to be affected and a series of robustness tests looking at possible biases all make us confident that our research approach identifies a causal impact of police on crime. Implementing an instrumental variable approach shows an elasticity of crime with respect to police of approximately -0.3, so that a 10 percent increase in police activity reduces crime by around 3 percent.
Subjects: 
Crime
police : terror attacks
JEL: 
H00
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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