Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/34832
Authors: 
Kahanec, Martin
Zaiceva, Anzelika
Year of Publication: 
2008
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 3420
Abstract: 
The starkly different histories and institutions in the eastern and western member states of the European Union (EU) suggest different roles of being non-native in these two regions. In this paper we study the roles of foreign origin and citizenship in the comparative East-West perspective. Our results indicate that while it is immigrant status that is of key importance in the western EU member states, both immigrant status and citizenship matter in the eastern EU member states, their roles depending on gender. We find some evidence that it is the Russian ethnic minority in Estonia and Latvia that drives the relationships between being non-citizen and labor market outcomes that we find in the eastern EU member states.
Subjects: 
Immigrant
citizenship
earnings
employment
labor market
Eastern Europe
JEL: 
F22
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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