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Title:Immigrant networks and their implications for occupational choice and wages PDF Logo
Authors:Patel, Krishna
Vella, Francis
Issue Date:2007
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 3217
Abstract:This paper employs United States Census data to study the occupational allocation of immigrants. The data reveal that the occupational shares of various ethnic groups have grown drastically in regional labor markets over the period 1980 to 2000. We examine the extent to which this growth can be attributed to network effects. That is, we examine the relationship between the occupational choice decision of recently arrived immigrants with those of established immigrants from the same country. We also consider the earnings implications of these immigrant networks for recent arrivals. The empirical evidence strongly suggests the operation of networks in the immigrant labor market. First, we find evidence that new arrivals are locating in the same occupations as their countrymen. Moreover, this location decision is operating at the level of regional labor markets. Second, we find that individuals who locate in the popular occupations of their countrymen enjoy a large and positive effect on their hourly wage and their level of weekly earnings.
Subjects:Network effects
immigrants
occupational choice
earnings
JEL:J24
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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