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dc.contributor.authorCaliendo, Marcoen_US
dc.contributor.authorRadić, Dubravkoen_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-12-08en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T09:56:21Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T09:56:21Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/34111-
dc.description.abstractIn this paper we investigate how the expulsion of a player influences the outcome of a football match. Common sense implies a negative impact for the affected team. However, an old football myth suggests that such an expulsion might also be beneficial since it increases the team spirit as well as the efforts of the affected team. We make use of a unique dataset containing all games played in a World Cup Championship between 1930 and 2002 and follow a twofold econometric strategy: We start with a conditional maximum likelihood estimator which is independent of the relative strength of the teams before we extend this estimator to take the relative strength of the teams and the minute of the expulsion into account. Our results indicate that the scoring intensities of both teams do not differ after the expulsion. Conducting scenario analysis reveals that the impact of a red card depends on the minute of the expulsion and does not have an impact at all if given at the end of the first half or later.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 2158en_US
dc.subject.jelC40en_US
dc.subject.jelZ00en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordPoisson processen_US
dc.subject.keyword(un)conditional likelihooden_US
dc.subject.keywordfootballen_US
dc.subject.keywordred card effecten_US
dc.titleTen do it better, do they? An empirical analysis of an old football mythen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn513214232en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des DIW
IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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