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Title:Genetic, cultural and geographical distances PDF Logo
Authors:Giuliano, Paola
Spilimbergo, Antonio
Tonon, Giovanni
Issue Date:2006
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 2229
Abstract:This paper investigates how the measures of genetic distance between populations, which have been used in anthropology and historical linguistics, can be used in economics. What does the correlation between genetic distance and economic variables mean? Using the measure of genetic distance, a newly-collected database on transport costs, as well as more refined measures of geography within Europe, we show that i) geography explains both genetic distance and transportation costs between European countries, and ii) genetic distance does not explain economic outcomes once we control for geography. We conclude that genetic distance in economics capture transportation costs between countries and not cultural differences.
Subjects:transport costs
genetics
trade
geography
JEL:Z10
F10
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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