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Title:Risk attitudes of nascent entrepreneurs: new evidence from an experimentally-validated survey PDF Logo
Authors:Caliendo, Marco
Fossen, Frank M.
Kritikos, Alexander S.
Issue Date:2006
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 2168
Abstract:The influence of risk aversion on the decision to become self-employed is a much discussed topic in the entrepreneurial literature. Conventional wisdom asserts that the role model of an entrepreneur requires to make risky decisions in uncertain environments and hence that more risk-averse individuals are less likely to become an entrepreneur. Empirical tests of this assumption are scarce however, mainly because reliable measures for risk-aversion are not available. We base our analysis on the most recent waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) which allow us to use experimentally-validated measures of risk attitudes. Most importantly and in contrast to previous research, we are able to examine whether the decision of starting a business is influenced by objectively measurable risk attitudes at the time when this decision is made. Our results show that in general individuals with lower risk aversion are more likely to become self-employed. Sensitivity analysis reveals, however, that this is true only for people coming out of regular employment, whereas for individuals coming out of unemployment or inactivity risk attitudes do not seem to play a role in the decision process.
Subjects:risk attitudes
entrepreneurship
self-employment
JEL:D81
J23
M13
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des DIW
IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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