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dc.contributor.authorDohmen, Thomas J.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2005-05-23en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T09:13:15Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T09:13:15Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/33597-
dc.description.abstractAnalyzing the neutrality of referees during twelve German premier league (1st Bundesliga) football seasons, this paper documents evidence that social forces influence agents' preferences and decisions. Those, who are appointed to be impartial, tend to favor the home team as they systematically award more injury time in close matches when the home team is behind. Referees also tend to favor the home team in decisions to award goals and penalty kicks. The composition of the crowd affects the size and the direction of the bias. The intensity of social pressure as measured by the crowd's proximity to the field determines how strongly referees' decisions are influenced. Not all agents are, however, affected to the same degree by social pressure.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 1595en_US
dc.subject.jelJ00en_US
dc.subject.jelM50en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordfavoritismen_US
dc.subject.keywordprincipal-agent relationshipen_US
dc.subject.keywordpersonnel economicsen_US
dc.titleSocial pressure influences decisions of individuals: evidence from the behavior of football refereesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn487110773en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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