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dc.contributor.authorFougère, Denisen_US
dc.contributor.authorKramarz, Francisen_US
dc.contributor.authorPouget, Julienen_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-07-07en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T09:12:52Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T09:12:52Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/33569-
dc.description.abstractIn this paper we examine the influence of unemployment on property crimes and on violent crimes in France for the period 1990 to 2000. This analysis is the first extensive study for this country. We construct a regional-level data set (for the 95 départements of metropolitan France) with measures of crimes as reported to the Ministry of Interior. To assess social conditions prevailing in the département in that year, we construct measures of the unemployment rate as well as other social, economic and demographic variables using multiple waves of the French Labor Survey. We estimate a classic Becker type model in which unemployment is a measure of how potential criminals fare in the legitimate job market. First, our estimates show that in the cross-section dimension, crime and unemployment are positively associated. Second, we find that increases in youth unemployment induce increases in crime. Using the predicted industrial structure to instrument unemployment, we show that this effect is causal for burglaries, thefts, and drug offences. To combat crime, it appears thus that all strategies designed to combat youth unemployment should be examined.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 2009en_US
dc.subject.jelJ19en_US
dc.subject.jelK42en_US
dc.subject.jelJ64en_US
dc.subject.jelJ65en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordcrimeen_US
dc.subject.keywordyouth unemploymenten_US
dc.subject.stwJugendarbeitslosigkeiten_US
dc.subject.stwSoziale Lageen_US
dc.subject.stwKriminalitäten_US
dc.subject.stwFrankreichen_US
dc.titleYouth unemployment and crime in Franceen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn509195148en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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