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dc.contributor.authorAlgan, Yannen_US
dc.contributor.authorCahuc, Pierreen_US
dc.date.accessioned2005-11-01en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T09:12:34Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T09:12:34Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/33539-
dc.description.abstractOECD countries faced largely divergent employment rates during the last decades. But the whole bulk of the cross-national and cross-temporal heterogeneity relies on specific demographic groups: prime-age women and younger and older individuals. This paper argues that family labor supply interactions and cross-country heterogeneity in family culture are key for explaining these stylized facts. First we provide a simple labor supply model in which heterogeneity in family preferences can account for cross-country variations in both the level and the dynamics of employment rates of demographic groups. Second, we provide evidence based on international individual surveys that family attitudes do differ across countries and are largely shaped by national features. We also document that cross-country differences in family culture cause cross-national differences in family attitudes. Studying the correlation between employment rates and family attitudes, we then show that the stronger preferences for family activities in European countries may explain both their lower female employment rate and the fall in the employment rates of young and older people.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 1683en_US
dc.subject.jelJ21en_US
dc.subject.jelJ22en_US
dc.subject.jelZ13en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordemployment rateen_US
dc.subject.keywordcultureen_US
dc.subject.keywordfamily attitudesen_US
dc.subject.stwBeschäftigungen_US
dc.subject.stwArbeitsangeboten_US
dc.subject.stwFamilienökonomiken_US
dc.subject.stwFamiliensoziologieen_US
dc.subject.stwSchätzungen_US
dc.subject.stwEU-Staatenen_US
dc.subject.stwOECD-Staatenen_US
dc.titleThe roots of low European employment: family culture?en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn502049987en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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