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dc.contributor.authorHolzmann, Roberten_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-04-04en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T09:12:15Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T09:12:15Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/33495-
dc.description.abstractThe paper investigates the demographic alternatives for dealing with the projected population aging and low or negative growth of the population and labor force in the North. Without further immigration, the total labor force in Europe and Russia, the high-income countries of East Asia and the Pacific, China, and, to a lesser extent, North America is projected to be reduced by 29 million by 2025 and by 244 million by 2050. In contrast, the labor force in the South is projected to add some 1.55 billion, predominantly in South and Central Asia and in Sub-Saharan Africa. The demographic policy scenarios to deal with the projected shrinking of the labor forth in the North include moving the total fertility rate back to replacement levels, increasing labor force participation of the existing population through a variety of measures, and filling the demographic gaps through enhanced immigration. The estimations indicate that each of these policy scenarios may partially or even fully compensate for the projected labor force gap by 2050. But a review of the policy measures to make these demographic scenarios happen also suggests that governments may not be able to initiate or accommodate the required change.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 1885en_US
dc.subject.jelJ11en_US
dc.subject.jelI38en_US
dc.subject.jelQ15en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keyworddemographic policyen_US
dc.subject.keywordagingen_US
dc.subject.keywordfertility rateen_US
dc.subject.keywordlabor forceen_US
dc.subject.keywordmigrationen_US
dc.subject.stwAlternde Bevölkerungen_US
dc.subject.stwBevölkerungspolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwMigrationspolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwArbeitsmarktpolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwBeschäftigungspolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwWirkungsanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwVergleichen_US
dc.subject.stwIndustriestaatenen_US
dc.subject.stwWelten_US
dc.titleDemographic alternatives for aging industrial countries: increased total fertility rate, labor force participation, or immigrationen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn504808532en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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