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dc.contributor.authorIyigun, Muraten_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-06-29en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T09:12:04Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T09:12:04Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/33471-
dc.description.abstractThis paper emphasizes that the evolution of religious institutions in Europe was influenced by the expansionary threat posed by the Ottoman Empire five centuries ago. This threat intensified in the second half of the 15th century and peaked in the first half of the 16th century with the Ottoman Empire's territorial expansion in Eastern Europe. Various historical accounts have suggested that the Ottomans' rise helped the Protestant Reform movement as well as its various offshoots, such as Zwinglianism, Anabaptism and Calvinism, survive their infancy and mature. In an attempt to conceptualize these effects, I develop a model in which social, cultural or religious affiliation between otherwise heterogenous and conflicting groups can lead to cooperation (at the very least, to a secession of hostilities) when such groups are faced with the threat of potentially stronger rivals of a different affiliation. The overall patterns of conflict in continental Europe as well as those between the Protestant Reformers and the Catholic Counter-Reform movement between the 15th and 17th centuries support the idea that Ottoman military conquests in Europe significantly reduced intra-European feuds.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 1973en_US
dc.subject.jelC72en_US
dc.subject.jelD74en_US
dc.subject.jelN33en_US
dc.subject.jelN43en_US
dc.subject.jelO10en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordcooperationen_US
dc.subject.keywordconflicten_US
dc.subject.keywordreligionen_US
dc.subject.keywordinstitutionsen_US
dc.subject.keywordeconomic developmenten_US
dc.titleOttoman conquests and European ecclesiastical pluralismen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn507804244en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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