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Title:Education policy and equality of opportunity PDF Logo
Authors:Schütz, Gabriela
Ursprung, Heinrich W.
Woessmann, Ludger
Issue Date:2005
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 1906
Abstract:We provide a measure of equality of educational opportunity in 54 countries, estimated as the effect of family background on student performance in two international TIMSS tests. We then show how organizational features of the education system affect equality of educational opportunity. Our model predicts that late tracking and a long pre-school cycle are beneficial for equality, while pre-school enrollment is detrimental at low levels of enrollment and beneficial at higher levels. Using cross-country variations in education policies and their interaction with family background at the student level, we provide empirical evidence supportive of these predictions.
Subjects:equality of opportunity
educational production
family background
student performance
tracking
pre-school
efficiency-equity tradeoff
JEL:I21
J62
H52
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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