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dc.contributor.authorLindeboom, Maartenen_US
dc.contributor.authorLlena-Nozal, Anaen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan der Klaauw, Basen_US
dc.date.accessioned2006-11-07en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-07T09:11:23Z-
dc.date.available2010-07-07T09:11:23Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/33382-
dc.description.abstractThis paper focuses on the relation between the onset of disability and employment outcomes. We develop an event history model that includes unscheduled hospitalizations as a measure for unanticipated health shocks and estimate the model on data from the British National Child Development Study (NCDS). We show that such health shocks increase the likelihood of an onset of a disability by around 138%. However, health shocks are relatively rare events and therefore the larger part of observed disability rates result from gradual deteriorations in health. We find no direct effect of health shocks on employment outcomes. Using the health shock as an instrumental variable shows that the onset of a disability at age 25 causally reduces the employment rate at age 40 with around 21 percentage points. Our results show that early childhood conditions are important in explaining adult health and socioeconomic outcomes. Those who have experienced bad conditions during early childhood have higher rates of health deterioration during adulthood, are more likely to become non-employed and suffer from longer spells of non-employment during the course of life.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion Papers 2096en_US
dc.subject.jelI12en_US
dc.subject.jelJ28en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keyworddisabilityen_US
dc.subject.keywordworken_US
dc.subject.keywordhealth shocksen_US
dc.subject.keywordevent-history modelen_US
dc.subject.keywordearly childhooden_US
dc.subject.stwLebenszyklusen_US
dc.subject.stwKinderen_US
dc.subject.stwKrankheiten_US
dc.subject.stwErwerbsunfähigkeiten_US
dc.subject.stwEinkommenen_US
dc.subject.stwGroßbritannienen_US
dc.titleDisability and work: the role of health shocks and childhood circumstancesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn51093191Xen_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
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