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Title:The origins of intergenerational associations: lessons from Swedish adoption data PDF Logo
Authors:Björklund, Anders
Lindahl, Mikael
Plug, Erik
Issue Date:2005
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 1739
Abstract:We use unique Swedish data to estimate intergenerational associations between adoptees and their biological and adoptive parents. We argue that the impact from biological parents captures broad pre-birth factors, including genes and prenatal environment, and the impact from adoptive parents represents broad post-birth factors, such as childhood environment, for the intergenerational association in education and income. We find that both pre- and post-birth factors contribute to intergenerational transmissions, and that pre-birth factors are more important for mother's education and less important for father's income. We also find some evidence for a positive interaction effect between post-birth environment and pre-birth factors.
Subjects:intergenerational mobility
nature and nurture
income
education
adoption data
JEL:I20
J30
J62
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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