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Title:How important is access to jobs? Old question - improved answer PDF Logo
Authors:Åslund, Olof
Östh, John
Zenou, Yves
Issue Date:2006
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 2051
Abstract:We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to get exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990-91 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990-91 is associated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.
Subjects:spatial mismatch
endogenous location
natural experiment
JEL:J15
J18
R23
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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