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Title:Approaching the agora: Determinants of scientists' intentions to purse academic entrepreneurship PDF Logo
Authors:Goethner, Maximilian
Obschonka, Martin
Silbereisen, Rainer K.
Cantner, Uwe
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:Jena economic research papers 2009,079
Abstract:This study investigates predictors of scientists' intentions to commercialize their research through business founding. Analyzing a cross-sectional sample of 496 German scientists, we develop and test an intentions-based model of academic entrepreneurship combining personal and contextual factors. Empirical results demonstrate that intentions to start a science-based new venture are shaped by some personal characteristics (i.e., personal attitudes toward research commercialization, entrepreneurial control-beliefs, entrepreneurial self-identity, and prior entrepreneurial experience). Moreover, we find that the research context itself - i.e., normative influences of academic workplace peers - does not show a strong direct effect on entrepreneurial intentions. Moderator analyses deliver that peers have an influence primarily by person-context interactions via scientists' sense of identification with these peers. A mediation analysis further indicates that gender-related differences in entrepreneurial control-beliefs might help explain the widely-observed low proportion of female scientist-entrepreneurs.
Subjects:Academic entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurial intentions
Entrepreneurial scientist
University-industry technology transfer
Theory of planned behavior
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Jena Economic Research Papers (2007-2014), Max-Planck-Institut für Ökonomik und Universität Jena

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