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dc.contributor.authorPehnelt, Gernoten_US
dc.contributor.authorVietze, Christophen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-12-08en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-20T14:33:53Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-20T14:33:53Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/32579-
dc.description.abstractThis paper analyses the role of palm oil and its sustainability from different perspectives. We consider the role of palm oil within the GHG context. We discuss the impact of palm oil on biodiversity and analyse how palm oil can contribute to economic growth and development in tropical countries. Finally, based on this analysis, we assess the current concerns about and politics towards palm oil with special focus on the EU. Palm oil is a low-energy and low-fertilizer crop that offers much higher yields per hectare than other oil crops. Furthermore, if the energy obtained by the residuals in the production process is used properly, the energy balance of palm oil production is much more favourable compared to other biofuels. Overall, palm oil turns out to be much more efficient than other oil crops and therefore offers significant advantages within the context of GHG savings. Contrary to some recent campaigns and the perception among European citizens, oil palm plantings are not a major contributor to deforestation in tropical countries. Deforestation associated with oil palm plantings is much less significant than postulated by some recent campaigns. Furthermore, biodiversity in oil palm plantations is much higher than in most monocultures in the EU. Palm oil is an important driver of economic development and growth in tropical countries and contributes to the reduction of poverty and hunger in the developing world. The EU Renewable Energy Directive is discriminatory from the outset and the GHG saving values and their interpretation are based on wrong assumptions and faulty calculations. Therefore, the EU should reshape its policies towards palm oil, conduct objective and non-discriminatory calculations regarding the GHG emissions saving values and support palm oil imports from developing countries rather than restricting them. Together with certain initiatives to further enhance energy efficiency and to protect precious habitats combined with strategies to strengthen property rights and encourage efficient land use and successful strategies of agricultural development, this would not only prevent political conflicts and trade disputes in conjunction with the issue of palm oil but also foster economic growth and development, reduce poverty and - not least - contribute to the ambitious GHG emissions savings goals on a fair and reasonable basisen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherUniv. [u.a.] Jenaen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJena economic research papers 2009,086en_US
dc.subject.jelF14en_US
dc.subject.jelF18en_US
dc.subject.jelO13en_US
dc.subject.jelQ01en_US
dc.subject.jelQ15en_US
dc.subject.jelQ27en_US
dc.subject.jelQ56en_US
dc.subject.jelQ57en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordRenewable Energyen_US
dc.subject.keywordPalm Oilen_US
dc.subject.keywordBiodiversityen_US
dc.subject.keywordSustainable Developmenten_US
dc.subject.keywordEnvironmental Policyen_US
dc.subject.stwPalmölen_US
dc.subject.stwPflanzenbauen_US
dc.subject.stwBewertungen_US
dc.subject.stwBioenergieen_US
dc.subject.stwKlimaschutzen_US
dc.subject.stwBiodiversitäten_US
dc.subject.stwEU-Umweltpolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwEntwicklungshilfeen_US
dc.subject.stwEU-Europäischen_US
dc.subject.stwNachhaltige Entwicklungen_US
dc.subject.stwEU-Staatenen_US
dc.subject.stwTropenen_US
dc.subject.stwEntwicklungsländeren_US
dc.titleEuropean Policies towards Palm Oil - Sorting Out some Factsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn614469007en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:Jena Economic Research Papers, MPI für Ökonomik

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