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http://hdl.handle.net/10419/31950
  
Title:Women's employment, children and transition: an empirical analysis on Poland PDF Logo
Authors:Bardasi, Elena
Monfardini, Chiara
Issue Date:2004
Series/Report no.:Ezoneplus working paper / Eastward Enlargement of the Eurozone 25
Abstract:The effect of transition from centrally planned to market economies on female employment is unclear a-priori. Many studies have pointed out that the emergence of labour markets created obstacles to but also new opportunities for women's employment. A frequently mentioned potential explanation of the lower female participation during the transition period is represented by the reduction of childcare facilities, which created a major constraint on the participation of women with dependent children. However, we must not forget the effect of forces of opposite sign, first of all the household necessity of having two earners during the turbulent transition period. The aim of this paper is to give an empirical assessment on how the transition to a market economy affected the relationship between motherhood and labour force outcomes in Poland. We estimate random effects probit models on two PACO panel datasets covering a four year period before the reform (1987-1990) and a three year period afterwards (1994-1996). Our findings indicate that during transition small children were much less of a deterrent to the employment probability of their mother than it was before transition.
Subjects:female employment
fertility
transitional economies
Poland
panel data
JEL:J13
J22
P23
C23
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Ezoneplus Working Papers, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, FU Berlin

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