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http://hdl.handle.net/10419/31930
  
Title:Agglomeration effects on labour demand PDF Logo
Authors:Blien, Uwe
Kirchhof, Kai
Ludewig, Oliver
Issue Date:2006
Series/Report no.:IAB discussion paper 2006,28
Abstract:How do agglomeration effects influence the demand for labour? To answer this question, approaches on labour demand are linked with an analysis of the classic 'urbanization effect'. We use models for static and for dynamic labour demand to find out, whether agglomerations develop faster or slower than other regions. Estimations of the static model show the influence of different degrees of regional concentration at the employment level. The model of dynamic labour demand is used to estimate the effect of different regional types on the growth rate of labour demand. The empirical results (received with the linked employer-employee database of the IAB) on long-run or static labour demand indicate substantial agglomeration effects, since c. p. employment is higher in densely populated areas. In the dynamic model, however, labour demand in core cities grows slower than the average. This is not a contradiction. Labour demand is especially high in large cities, but the other areas are slowly reducing the gap.
Subjects:Arbeitskräftenachfrage
Region
regionaler Arbeitsmarkt
regionale Disparität
Ballungsraum
Stadt
Stadtregion
ländlicher Raum
Peripherie
Siedlungsdichte
Beschäftigungseffekte
Dienstleistungsbereich
Suburbanisierung
Nachfrageentwicklung
regionale Faktoren
Beschäftigungsentwicklung
Arbeitsmarktregion
IAB-Linked-Employer-Employee-Datensatz
JEL:J23
R23
R11
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IAB-Discussion Paper, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB)

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