EconStor >
Max-Planck-Institut für Ökonomik, Jena >
Jena Economic Research Papers, MPI für Ökonomik >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/31749
  

Full metadata record

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorvon Engelhardt, Sebastianen_US
dc.contributor.authorFreytag, Andreasen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-07-20en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-14T11:13:57Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-14T11:13:57Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/31749-
dc.description.abstractSo-called open source software (OSS) is marked by free access to the software and its source code. Copyright-based OSS licenses permit users to use, change, improve and redistribute the software, which is designed and developed in a public, collaborative manner. High quality OSS products like Linux, Apache etc. are developed by thousands of volunteers, who often do not receive direct monetary reward. Thus, OSS seems to be an example of a ‘private provision of a public good’, and some argue that OSS is a ‘new intellectual property paradigm’ for the digital economy. Therefore, OSS has been in the focus of economic research for some years. However, it is still not known which institutional and cultural factors favor OSS development, although the differences of countries in OSS activities can not be solely explained by GDP, education and internet access. For this reason, we perform a cross-country study analyzing how the number of OSS developers per inhabitants and the level of OSS activity of a country depends on institutional and cultural factors. We make use of data about OSS developers registered at SourceForge, and are able to assign 94% of them to their countries. We then run regressions with several institutional and cultural factors. Our findings are that a culture characterized by individualism/self-determination is in favor of OSS. Also, social capital in terms of interpersonal trust has a positive impact on the number of OSS developers as well as on the OSS activity level. The openness to novelty is relevant only with respect to scientific progress, i.e. an optimistic view of scientific progress is significantly positive. While the attitude towards competition was never significant, less regulated countries have more OSS activists and activity. Furthermore, the protection of intellectual property rights has (if all) a positive impact. Our study contributes to the understanding of the impact of cultural and institutional factors in general as well as in particular with respect to OSS. Additionally it also improves the understanding of OSS. OSS has similarities to technical science and scientific culture, is a a public good game with the contributions are a means to an end. OSS is a new intellectual property right paradigm and is based on an entrepreneurial spirit.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherUniversität Jena und Max-Planck-Institut für Ökonomik Jenaen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJena economic research papers 2009,051en_US
dc.subject.jelB52en_US
dc.subject.jelL17en_US
dc.subject.jelL86en_US
dc.subject.jelO34en_US
dc.subject.jelZ13en_US
dc.subject.jelZ19en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordOpen Sourceen_US
dc.subject.keywordCultureen_US
dc.subject.keywordInstitutionsen_US
dc.subject.keywordSocial Capitalen_US
dc.subject.keywordTrusten_US
dc.subject.keywordRegulationen_US
dc.subject.keywordEntrepreneurial Spiriten_US
dc.subject.keywordIndividualismen_US
dc.subject.keywordIntellectual Property Rightsen_US
dc.subject.stwOpen Sourceen_US
dc.subject.stwPC-Softwareen_US
dc.subject.stwProgrammierungen_US
dc.subject.stwIndividualismusen_US
dc.subject.stwUnternehmeren_US
dc.subject.stwWirtschaftsethnologieen_US
dc.subject.stwImmaterialgüterrechteen_US
dc.subject.stwRegulierungen_US
dc.subject.stwWelten_US
dc.titleGeographic allocation of OSS contributions: the role of institutions and cultureen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn605028303en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:Jena Economic Research Papers, MPI für Ökonomik

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
605028303.PDF1.67 MBAdobe PDF
No. of Downloads: Counter Stats
Show simple item record
Download bibliographical data as: BibTeX

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.