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Title:State, difference, and diversity: toward a path of expanded democracy and gender equality PDF Logo
Authors:Antonopoulos, Rania
Cos-Montiel, Francisco
Issue Date:2007
Series/Report no.:Working papers // The Levy Economics Institute 493
Abstract:Should the state treat men and women in identical ways, or should it legislate and enforce policies that are aware of gender differences? In other words, should the state be gender-blind or gender-sensitive? Gender, ethnic, religious, sexual orientation, ideological, economic, political, and cultural dimensions represent diversity among citizens. This paper argues that if the goal of the state is to promote democratic participation for all, a distinction must be drawn between socioeconomic characteristics that signify difference and those that manifest inequalities. The former require a politics of acceptance and recognition and policies to match, while the latter necessitate interventions that remedy or remove structural elements that result in inequalities. The authors suggest that such a framework is useful in that it lends itself to a better understanding of gender-based asymmetries.
Subjects:state
inequality
difference
citizenship
social exclusion
gender
poverty
JEL:H1
E61
I3
J16
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Working Papers, Levy Economics Institute of Bard College

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