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dc.contributor.authorMicevska, Maja B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorZak, Paul J.en_US
dc.contributor.editorClaremont Institute for Economic Policy Studiesen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-14T11:06:36Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-14T11:06:36Z-
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/31450-
dc.description.abstractThe transition to market-oriented economies in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union in the 1990s, like the Great Depression in the U.S. and Germany in the 1930s, generated sharp declines in real incomes and a corresponding drop in fertility. This is contrary to the robust negative relationship between income and fertility that has been extensively documented. This paper presents a theoretical model that explains the positive relationship between fertility and income. The model predicts that: i) the perceived level of subsistence consumption fundamentally determines whether fertility and income are positively or negatively related; ii) once incomes decline below a threshold, declining labor income causes fertility to fall; and iii) rising income inequality has a negative impact on fertility rates. Empirical tests using both aggregate and microeconomic data provide strong support for the predictions of the model. Our empirics predict that the perceived subsistence level is a statistically significant determinant of fertility and that the average country in our sample will remain in a Mathusian fertility regime for twenty more years.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherClaremont Inst. for Economic Policy Studies Claremont, Calif.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper series // Claremont Institute for Economic Policy Studies 2002-01en_US
dc.subject.jelJ13en_US
dc.subject.jelP20en_US
dc.subject.jelI31en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordFertilityen_US
dc.subject.keywordSubsistence Consumptionen_US
dc.subject.keywordTransition.en_US
dc.subject.stwBevölkerungstheorieen_US
dc.subject.stwFruchtbarkeiten_US
dc.subject.stwEinkommenen_US
dc.subject.stwSubsistenzwirtschaften_US
dc.subject.stwOsteuropaen_US
dc.titleWhat accounts for the emergence of Malthusian fertility in transition economies?en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn366228730en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:Claremont Colleges Working Papers in Economics, Department of Economics, Claremont McKenna College

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