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dc.contributor.authorStevenson, Betseyen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-03-08en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-14T08:26:50Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-14T08:26:50Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/30756-
dc.description.abstractBetween 1972 and 1978 U.S. high schools rapidly increased their female athletic participation rates - to approximately the same level as their male athletic participation rates - in order to comply with Title IX, a policy change that provides a unique quasi-experiment in female athletic participation. This paper examines the causal implications of this expansion in female sports participation by using variation in the level of boys' athletic participation across states before Title IX to instrument for the change in girls' athletic participation. Analysis of differences in outcomes across states in changes between pre- and post-cohorts reveals that a 10-percentage point rise in state-level female sports participation generates a 1 percentage point increase in female college attendance and a 1 to 2 percentage point rise in female labor force participation. Furthermore, greater opportunities to play sports leads to greater female participation in previously male-dominated occupations, particularly in high-skill occupations.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherCESifo Münchenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCESifo working paper 2959en_US
dc.subject.jelI20en_US
dc.subject.jelI21en_US
dc.subject.jelI28en_US
dc.subject.jelJ16en_US
dc.subject.jelJ18en_US
dc.subject.jelJ21en_US
dc.subject.jelJ22en_US
dc.subject.jelJ24en_US
dc.subject.jelJ44en_US
dc.subject.jelK30en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.stwFrauenbildungen_US
dc.subject.stwSporten_US
dc.subject.stwWirkungsanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwFrauenerwerbstätigkeiten_US
dc.subject.stwBildungsertragen_US
dc.subject.stwUSAen_US
dc.titleBeyond the classroom: Using title IX to measure the return to high school sportsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn620441798en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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